Marriage Equality USA

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Ballot Initiatives - Passed

Proposition 2

Purpose of Ballot Measure: To define marriage as a union between one man and one woman and to prohibit civil unions and domestic partnerships.
Date Passed: 8 November 2005


  • Proposition 2 was a referendum for a state constitutional amendment placed on the ballot by the Texas legislature.
  • The measure added a new provision to the Texas Constitution, Article 1, Section 32, which provides that "Marriage in this state shall consist only of the union of one man and one woman," and "This state or a political subdivision of this state may not create or recognize any legal status identical or similar to marriage."
  • Texas was the 19th state to adopt a constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage. It was the most populous state to adopt a constitutional ban against same-sex marriage until California passed its ban in November 2008.