Marriage Equality USA

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Facts at a Glance

As of 8 July 2015

  • 50 of 50 states HAVE marriage (100% of all states)
    • Massachusetts (May 2004)
    • California (June 2008 & June 2013)
    • Connecticut (Nov. 2008)
    • Iowa (April 2009)
    • Vermont (Sept. 2009)
    • New Hampshire (Jan. 2010)
    • New York (June 2011)
    • Washington (Dec. 2012)
    • Maine (Dec. 2012)
    • Maryland (Jan. 2013)
    • Delaware (July 2013)
    • Rhode Island (Aug. 2013)
    • Minnesota (Aug. 2013)
    • New Jersey (Oct. 2013)
    • Hawai'i (Dec. 2013)
    • New Mexico (Dec. 2013)
    • Oregon (May 2014)
    • Pennsylvania (May 2014)
    • Illinois (June 2014)
    • Utah (October 2014)
    • Oklahoma (October 2014)
    • Virginia (October 2014)
    • Indiana (October 2014)
    • Wisconsin (October 2014)
    • North Carolina (October 2014)
    • Nevada (October 2014)
    • Colorado (October 2014)
    • West Virginia (October 2014)
    • Idaho (October 2014)
    • Arizona (October 2014)
    • Alaska (October 2014)
    • Wyoming (October 2014)
    • Kansas (November 2014)
    • Montana (November 2014)
    • South Carolina (November 2014)
    • Florida (January 2015)
    • Alabama (February 2015)
    • Arkansas (June 2015)
    • Georgia (June 2015)
    • Kentucky (June 2015)
    • Louisiana (June 2015)
    • Michigan (June 2015)
    • Mississippi (June 2015)
    • Missouri (June 2015)
    • Nebraska (June 2015)
    • North Dakota (June 2015)
    • Ohio (June 2015)
    • South Dakota  (June 2015)
    • Tennessee (June 2015)
    • Texas (June 2015)
  • The special district, District of Columbia, has marriage
    • District of Columbia (December 2010)
  • Four out of five U.S. territories have marriage
    • Guam (June 2015)
    • Northern Marianas Islands (June 2015)
    • U.S. Virgin Islands (June 2015)
    • Puerto Rico (July 2015)
  • The only U.S. territory without marriage equality is American Samoa.
  • The following American Indian/Native American tribal nations have marriage equality
    • Coquille (OR 2008)
    • Mashantucket Pequot (CT since at least 2011)
    • Suquamish (WA 2011)
    • Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (WA 2013)
    • Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe (MN 2013)
    • Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians (MI 2013)
    • Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians (MI, 2013)
    • Iipay Nation of Santa Ysabel Tribe (CA 2013)
    • The Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes were granting marriage licenses to same-sex couples by 2013, without any change to their existing marriage laws
    • Puyallup (WA 2014)
    • Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes (AL 2015)
    • Oneida Tribe (WI 2015)
    • Keweenaw Bay Indian Community (MI 2015)
  • On 26 June 2013 the United States Supreme Court ruled in Windsor v. United States that Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) is unconstitutional.
    • Marriage Equality USA maintains a current list of the impacts of the DOMA decision including on immigration, health care, social security and the military.
  • On 16 January 2015, the Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) announced that they granted cert to (agreed to review during their 2015 term) four marriage equality cases from the states in the 6th Circuit. The cases are Michigan's DeBoer, Ohio's Obergefell, Kentucky's Love/Bourke, and Tennessee's Tanco. Oral arguments took place on 28 April 2015.
  • 26 June 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court issued their ruling in favor of marriage equality. Majority opinion by Justice Kennedy, 5-4. Per @SCOTUSblog, the Court's opinion relies on the dual rationales of fundamental rights AND equal protection and seems to go out of its way not to state a standard of scrutiny. "...the majority opinion rejects the claim that marriage is about procreation, even while saying that protecting children of same-sex couples supports the Court's ruling: "This is not to say that the right to marry is less meaningful for those who do not or cannot have children. An ability, desire, or promise to procreate is not and has not been a prerequisite for a valid marriage in any State." See our Love Won At SCOTUS page for further details and to read the ruling.

          • As of May 2015, 18 countries allow same-sex couples to marry nationwide
            • The Netherlands (2000)
            • Belgium (2003)
            • Spain (2005)
            • Canada (2005)
            • South Africa (2006)
            • Norway (2009)
            • Sweden (2009)
            • Portugal (2010)
            • Iceland (2010)
            • Argentina (2010)
            • Denmark (2012)
            • Brazil (2013)
            • France (2013)
            • Uruguay (2013)
            • New Zealand (2013)
            • United Kingdom (England, Wales, Scotland 2014)
            • Luxembourg (2014)
            • Republic of ireland (2015)
          • Marriage for same-sex couples will go into effect in Finland on 1 March 2017.
          • Same-sex marriage is legal in many jurisdictions of Mexico and the United States.

Marriage offers legal benefits and responsibilities that protect families. Marriage also provides societal status and emotional benefits to the family unit. Here are just a fraction of the reasons why marriage matters to couples who choose/desire to marry, as well as other "facts at a glance" you may find useful:

 

 

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